Orofacial pain disorders can be treated in a variety of ways. Many disorders are multifactorial and may require multiple modalities of treatment; therefore they are most efficiently managed utilizing a multifaceted approach. This affords numerous options which may be incorporated when necessary to provide conservative treatment. Treatment escalation may be necessary dependent upon each individual's body response

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Ongoing Research




Patient Education:

  • Comprehensive Explanation of  Patients Specific Disorder
  • Importance of Contributing Factors
  • Multidisciplinary vs. Single Treatment Approach
  • Behavior Modification
  • Nutritional Counseling and Diet Modification
  • Benefits of  Sleep Quality
  • Stretching Techniques and Therapeutic Exercises
  • Muscle Re-education
  • Occupational Ergonomic Guidance
  • Treatment Plan, Target Dates, Treatment Escalation and Prognosis


Appliance Therapy:  (Maxillary and/or Mandibular)

  • Bruxism
  • Anterior Repositioning
  • Gelb
  • NTI
  • Deprogramming
  • Functional
  • Retainer/Splint Combinations
  • Unilateral Pivotal
  • Locked
  • Snore/Apnea (Based on Sleep Study)
  • Athletic Guards
  • Designs for Concurrent Complex Restorative Procedures
  • Designs for Concurrent Orthodontic and/or Surgical Procedures
  • Variations for Ortho/Mixed Dentitions


Pharmacotherapy For: 

  • Neurovascular Headaches
  • Musculoskeletal Disorders
  • Neuropathic Disorders
  • Connective Tissue Disorders
  • Sleep Regulation
  • Acute and Chronic Inflammatory Conditions
  •  Pain Management


Physical Therapy:

  • Postural Exercises
  • Ultrasound
  • Tens
  • E-Stim
  • Iontophoresis
  • Laser
  • Massage
  • Myofascial Release
  • Hot/Cold Therapy
  • Alpha Stim



  • Biofeedback
  • Relaxation Therapy
  • Stress/Pain Management
  • Anxiety/Depression Screening


Injection Procedures:

  • Diagnostic
  • Nerve Blocks
  • Trigger Point
  • Arthrocentesis With Joint Mobilization
  • Botox
  • Topical Pain Control


Coordinate Multidisciplinary Protocol:

The use of a multidisciplinary protocol may require referral and/or coordinated treatment with other disciplines, such as Neurology, Manual Therapy, Internal Medicine, Dental, Orthodontics, ENT, Sleep Studies, Imaging (soft and hard tissues), Maxillofacial Surgery, or Counseling.